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The Internal Revenue Service reminds Alaska Native Corporations and Alaska Native Settlement Trusts that they may be able to take advantage of certain benefits in the recently enacted tax reform legislation. The new law also requires that certain contributions made by Native Corporations to Settlement Trusts in 2017 be reported to the Settlement Trusts by January 31, 2018.
Assignment of Payments to a Settlement Trust
The new law allows a Native Corporation to assign certain payments to a Settlement Trust without treating the payments as income for federal tax purposes.
The assignments must be in writing and the Native Corporations must not have received the payments prior to the assignment to the trust. The Settlement Trust must include the payments in its gross income in the taxable year received, for taxable years beginning in 2017.
If a Native Corporation assigns payments to a Settlement Trust, they are not allowed to deduct those same payments.
Deduction for Contributions by a Native Corporation to a Settlement TrustNative Corporations may also choose to deduct contributions made to a Settlement Trust. The deduction is limited to the amount of the Native Corporation’s taxable income for that year. Any unused deduction may be carried forward 15 additional years.
A Native Corporation makes the election to deduct contributions to a Settlement Trust for a specific taxable year by including a statement with its original or amended income tax return. The election is effective only for the taxable year for which the return is filed. Additionally, the election may be revoked on a timely filed amendment or supplement to that income tax return.
A Native Corporation may make this election for any taxable year for which the statute of limitations period has not expired. If the refund statute of limitations period expires before December 22, 2018, the Native Corporation has until December 21, 2018 to make a claim for credit or refund.
Reporting Requirements for Electing Native Corporations
Native Corporations that choose to deduct contributions made to a Settlement Trust are under a new reporting requirement. They must furnish a statement to the Settlement Trust providing information about the contributed property by January 31 of the year after the contribution was made.
The statement must include:
To defer recognition of income related to any property contributed to it by a Native Corporation, the Settlement Trust must identify and describe the property on a statement attached to its original or amended income tax return for the year in which the contribution was made.
A Settlement Trust may make this election for any taxable year for which the statute of limitations period has not expired. If the refund statute of limitations period expires before December 22, 2018, the Settlement Trust has until December 21, 2018 to make a claim for credit or refund.